Salatul Kusoof (Eclipse Prayer) will be performed at Masjid Omar on August 21st, 2017 immediately after Zuhr insha Allah.
The Islamic Ruling Regarding Salatul Kusoof (Eclipse Prayer)
Solar eclipses occur when the moon comes directly between the sun and the earth. There are no other weather-related phenomena, or celestial events for which the Prophet (s) has sanctioned a particularly styled prayer in congregation, besides an eclipse. There is no specific congregational prayer for earthquakes, tornadoes, sandstorms, rain storms, hailstorms, comets, shooting stars, solar flares, blizzards, or for any other such events besides an eclipse, hence, its significance, and the importance of making the Salaatul Kusoof (eclipse prayer) in congregation. Solar eclipses are a sign from Allah (S), intended to strike awe into the hearts.
Eclipse Prayer is Sunnah Mu’akkadah
Performing Salah during a solar or lunar eclipse is considered Sunnah Mu’akkadah by agreement of the scholars; based on the hadith; “Neither the sun, nor the moon, eclipse due to the death, or life of anyone, but they are signs from amongst the signs of Allah (S), so if you see any one of them, stand up and pray” [Agreed Upon].
How is it performed:
Salatul Kusoof has no Azan, no Iqamah, and is preceded by the words, Assalaatu Jaami’ah (the prayer is gathering) as reported in the hadith of Aisha; an eclipse of the sun occurred during the time of the Prophet (s) and he ordered a man to call out: ‘Assalaatu Jaami’ah’.
Salaatul Kusoof [Hanafi Mad’hab] consists of regular two rak’aat, with loud and long recitation and long Rukoo [Two Rukoo in each Raka’ah in Shafi Mad’hab] and Sujood in each Raka’ah. It is sunnah to perform Salaatul Kusoof in congregation as was the practice of the Prophet (s). However, it is permissible to perform individually as well.
When is it performed?
Salaatul Kusoof can only be done during a solar or lunar eclipse. The time for performing Salaatul Kusoof begins at the beginning of the eclipse and concludes when the eclipse is completely ended. The prayer can begin as soon as the eclipse starts or at any time thereafter, and it is Sunnah to continue praying until the eclipse has ended.
Who should attend?
Salaatul Kusoof is legislated for the stationary (non-travelling) person as well as the traveler. It is permissible for men, women and children in the same manner as Salaatul Jumu’ah.
Issues related to Salaatul Kusoof
It is recommended (mustahabb) to perform a ghusl (ritual bath) for Salaatul Kusoof, by its resemblance to Salaatul Jumu’ah.
If a person waits until after the eclipse is over, then they should not perform Salaatul Kusoof, based upon the hadith: “If you see it, pray until it has cleared”.
If people are performing Salaatul Kusoof and it clears during their Salah, then they should continue praying until they are finished.
The Sunnah is to lengthen the recitation during Salaatul Kusoof based upon the hadith of Ibn Abbas; “The sun eclipsed and the Prophet (s) prayed while the people prayed with him, and he stood a long time for an extent that was something like Surah al-Baqarah”.
It is permissible to pray a shorter length. According to Imam an-Nawawi, the minimum recitation for Salaatul Kusoof is to recite Surah al-Fatiha during each recitation.
After the Salah, it is Sunnah for the imam to deliver a Khutbah, in the same manner as Khutbatul Jumu’ah as was done by the Prophet (s). This is based upon the hadith of Aisha; “Although the Prophet finished the Salah, he delivered a Khutbah wherein he thanked Allah and praised Him’.
It is recommended to give Sadaqah after Salaatul Kusoof, based upon the hadith; “and if you see that (The Eclipse), pray and give Sadaqah”.
It is permissible to pray Salaatul Kusoof individually. However, if possible, it is better to do it with an Imam in the Masjid as was practiced by the Prophet (s).